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The people's Liberation Army General Chinese (1955). Song Jiyao, alias Song Zhiguang. Born in September 10, 1907 in Hunan Liling Bei Xiang Huang village. Attended the Liling county middle school. 1923 years in the winter of Changsha into the warlord Wu Peifu's officers jiaodaotuan learning. In 1926 admitted to the Whampoa military academy fifth, and joined the Communist Youth League Chinese. In January 1927 Chinese transferred to the Communist Party, was arrested in April. 1929 years after his release to Hunan Liuyang, Liling Jiangxi and Pingxiang border areas to form the guerrillas, Ren Ping, Li Bian guerrilla leader, incorporated into the Chinese Red Army 6. 1930 served as Southeast Hunan 2 column, political commissar of the Red Army School in 4, 35, President of the Red Army chief of staff, independent of the 3 division, 21 Red Army chief of staff and 61 division, the Central Soviet Western army chief of staff, chief of the Jiangxi military region and northeast theater headquarters operations department in the army the second battalion staff, participated in the Central Soviet area all against "encirclement and suppression". October 1934 to participate in the Long March, any military cadre of instructors. Arrived in Northern Shaanxi, 15 of the Red Army combat section. In 1936 30 of the Red Army, Red Army commander of 28, was in the Crusades, and West Mountain battle. After the outbreak of Anti Japanese War, the eight army 120th division 716 regiment 358 brigade, was to enter the Yanmenguan opened up Anti Japanese base area to the north, Ren Yan North detachment commander and political commissar. In May 1938 to Pingxi District, the eight army commander and twelfth detachment commander of the fourth column. In June with the political commissar Deng Hua was advancing Jidong, Li Yunchang, Hu Xikui and other support organization and leadership of the Hebei Anti Japanese armed insurrection. In August Jichareliao served as military commander. To Yanan in 1940, entered the Institute of Marxism Leninism and the CPC Central Committee Party school. September 1945 with Chen Yi to Shandong to work as chief of staff of Jinpu front-line command. In January 1946 the Peiping executive department of the CPC executive director, to assist representatives of the Communist Party of China with the Kuomintang military negotiations on behalf of Xie Jianying. On behalf of the rational, powerful struggle against the Kuomintang at the negotiating table, to expose the false peace really civil war. During the disposal of too many incidents, and had almost been Kuomintang spy shot assassination.

At the beginning of the liberation war, the Shandong army chief of staff, deputy commander of the Bohai military region. 2 1947 as commander of the East China field army 10 column, was in the battle of Laiwu. In April the battle of tammun, under the commanding and 3 column a wipe out the Tai'an garrison. Then the rate of part shatuji and Menglianggu battle. In August with the Liu Deng army into the Dabie Mountains, Liangshan battle command organization. In March February 1948 Henan and Anhui, took part in the West Wan and WAN Dong battle. In the June campaign, for the protection of the main seize it, under the commanding first in Shangcai hit the Kuomintang army reorganized eleventh division, and in the southeast of Qixian County, Tao Lin Gang dogged five days and fifth in the reorganization of the Kuomintang army hit. September in command of the battle of Ji'nan, the rate of the west group served as the main use of fire, explosion, assault, combination of tactics, and the east group together wiped out more than 10 people, a people's Liberation Army troops seized the fortifications of big city and the precedent of East China, two Jiefang District into one, to create the conditions for the subsequent the implementation of the Huai Hai campaign. In the Huaihai Campaign, who commanded the 3 columns to stop the Xuzhou East aid the enemy, and to surround and annihilate the Du Yuming group. This is a series of successful battle, the Kuomintang army spread the battery does not move, will be 10 longitudinal ". 1949 years 2 months of the three field army 9 Corps commander. The 4 month rate of participate in the campaign, together with the 7 corps of the Kuomintang army first break through the Yangtze River defense line, and command his troops marching, the coordination of the 10 Corps in Langxi, Guangde area Weijian quickly fled south of the Kuomintang army 5 army. In May at the battle of Shanghai, under the commanding implementation of multichannel fast interludes, took the lead into the city. After the liberation of Shanghai as commander of Songhu garrison.

November 1950 was to participate in the Korean War, as Chinese people's Volunteer Army ninth corps commander and political commissar, he served as deputy commander of the Ninth Army volunteer corps commander and political commissar, in command of the second and fifth campaigns and 1951 summer, spring and summer of 1952 to consolidate the position defense battle battle. 1952 autumn home, Ren Chinese people's Liberation Army advanced Infantry School and political commissar. November 1957 transferred to the first vice president of Academy of military science, who has served as planning department, foreign military research department minister. In October 1972 the president of the Academy of military science. 1978 director of the CMC Committee of education and training, participate in the recovery of military colleges and education and training work. 1980 has served as Chinese encyclopedia editor in chief deputy director of the Committee and the editorial committee, director of China volume military military encyclopedia editorial board director. February 1984 vice chairman of the Central Military Committee in the history of war. Is the first to the third members of the National Defense Commission, the eighth and the tenth session of the Central Committee, eleventh session of the Central Committee and the Central Military commission. In twelfth, the thirteenth CPC National Congress, was elected as a member of the Standing Committee of the Central Advisory committee. 1955 was a eighty-one medal, an independent Medal of freedom and Liberation Medal, in 1988 won a meritorious honor Red Star chapter. September 17, 1991 died in Shanghai.
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