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Chang Yun Yi
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 Chang Yun Yi
The people's Liberation Army General Chinese (1955). Military. Formerly known as Zhang Yunyi, also known as Zhang Shengzhi. Born in August 10, 1892 in Guangdong Wenchang (now Hainan) head of the district court for the benefit of Xiang Shang Liao cun. The school began to read at the age of 7, at the age of 12 to the town of Qiming higher primary school. In 1908 admitted to the Guangdong Army school second, began to accept the idea of progress. In 1909 to join the coalition led by Sun Zhongshan, the Guangzhou army has participated in the 1910 uprising in 1911 and the Huanghuagang uprising and the revolution of 1911. In 1912 the Guangdong army crash school, after graduating in 1914, was sent to the Southern League Branch Light Department ruled Hainan Island warlord long Ji secretly engaged in revolutionary activities, served as a platoon leader, company commander. 1921 to the commander in chief of the PLA department when the battalion commander Chen Jiongming. In 1923, Jieyang county magistrate in Guangdong, and actively implement the Sun Zhongshan principles programme. 1924 in Guangdong army in Xu Chongzhi as commander. In 1926 he participated in the northern expedition, the National Revolutionary Army Second Army Fourth Army twenty-fifth division chief of staff. In October of the same year in Wuhan to join the Communist Party of China. In June 1927 second army headquarters set up guards regiment, recommended Ludeming headed. After the failure of the great revolution, Zhou Shidi and other communist secret cover out of danger and support his troops to participate in the Nanchang uprising. From the Fourth Army, from Hongkong to Shanghai, made contact with the CPC Central committee.

July 1929 was sent to Nanning to do work in Guangxi in the Bing Ren, Guangxi Officer Training Corps deputy chief and fourth garrison battalion, Nanning garrison commander, succeeded in teaching corps and Fourth Battalion of the two old guard troops into new armed forces. In October the same year was to go to Youjiang, Youjiang to actively carry out supervision on behalf of the armed uprising to destroy, in an attempt to prevent the uprising of the third guard brigade. In December 11th, Deng Xiaoping and other leaders of Baise uprising, and create Chinese Red Army seventh army commander. Then, with the political commissar Deng Xiaoping was repulsed Guangxi warlords counterattack, and mobilize the masses to fight, nouveau riche sub fields, the establishment of the right of Jiangsu district. The spring of 1930 as the political impact of the expansion of the Red Army, was fought in Guangxi Guizhou, Jiangcheng Rong. The 6 month return to Youjiang, after a fierce battle to recapture Baise, restore and strengthen the right of Jiangsu district. 10 months, according to the CPC Central Committee executive "left" line of about 7 of the Red Army to attack Liuzhou, Guilin and the seizure of Guangzhou's instructions, North and Deng Xiaoping rate department, Guangxi to Qianxiang edge. Because the army suffered heavy losses in the siege battle, in January 1931 in Jeonju held 7 of the Red Army before the meeting, Deng Xiaoping decided to give up the same execution against the big city adventure to Hunan side to carry out guerrilla warfare, and timely transfer to the Central Soviet area. In February, the army was to intercept enemy to le Changhe, is divided into both sides of each one. The critical moment, he calmly command not cross troops broke through the blockade, March to Le Du Changhe upstream again, into the Hunan Jiangxi Soviet area. The center of Yongxin city in March to reach the Hunan Jiangxi, Hunan with independent division and Red Army. In April the commander in chief of Hexi headquarters, was captured Yong Yang zhen. Then in Suichuan with the advance through the main Le Changhe 7 Red Army forces, became the headquarters of the chief of staff of hexi. Since May, with commander Li Mingrui rate Department of Chaling, Anren and even grams of Anfu county, Suichuan, strong support to the Central Soviet area against the second "encirclement and suppression". July joined the Red Army crossed the river. Suobu was incorporated into the third legion, and was the Revolutionary Military Commission of the Central Committee awarded the "keep on playing" banner. In the Central Soviet Area during the third counter campaign, 7 of the Red Army chief of staff, commander. For 1932 years he served as deputy chief of staff of the Revolutionary Military Commission Director, Chief Operations Bureau of Guangdong and Jiangxi military commander, general headquarters of the Red Army and the Red Army Deputy Chief of staff of the headquarters and operations department minister post, strategy and tactics to participate in the study of the Red Army, the organization staff to formulate operational plan. 11 month 1933 years served as the CPC Central Committee plenipotentiary to Fujian, to establish contact with the Kuomintang's 19 Route Army announced the uprising. At the beginning of March October 1934 8 of the Red Army chief, in December the reinstatement of the Revolutionary Military Commission Director and deputy chief of staff of the long Operations Bureau, to assist the leadership of the Central Military Commission organized reconnaissance, open quartering, deployment of military operations. To the Northern Shaanxi and the Red Army Deputy Chief of staff, military chief of staff in the office of the rear, zhiluozhen, East and West, etc.. In December 1936, the Revolutionary Military Commission members. In March 1937 the Red Army Rear headquarters commander agent. Was ordered to Guangzhou, Hongkong, Guilin, Fuzhou and other places, to do the work of Anti Japanese national united front in the Kuomintang military personnel in the upper.

After the outbreak of Anti Japanese War, to participate in the New Fourth Army led the formation and reorganization. In January 1938, the army chief of staff and third detachment commander, was in the southern guerrilla war, made a clear pool, horse home victory in battle. After the rate of Ministry of East, the formation of the guerrilla column in Anhui in jiangbei. 1939 5 as the New Fourth Army Jiangbei command and the CPC Committee Secretary of the New Fourth Army Command, 4 and 5 to the East Anhui development detachment, Huaihe advance to Jinpu Railway on both sides of things. 1 1940 director of the Central Plains Bureau members. In the face of the first anti Communist Kuomintang diehards launched, and Liu Shaoji together with the Kuomintang army coercive reasonable and restrained "anti friction" struggle. 3 months, in serious cases the Kuomintang Wanjun soldiers arrives under the command of the troops fought back, Dingyuan, Banta set battle, crushed the stubborn army offensive, for the establishment of East Anhui Anti Japanese base to create the conditions. 6 months, 9 months, have been crushed Japanese puppet in summer and Autumn "mopping up" to consolidate and develop the East anhui. 1941 years 1 months after the incident, as the New Fourth Army Deputy Commander and the 2 division commander, commander of the Huainan military region, the Anti Japanese military and Political University 8 principals and other staff, resolutely implement the CPC Central Committee on strengthening Jinpu East Road, West Jinpu adhere to the instructions, the leadership of the tit for tat struggle according to military attack, soldiers and civilians on the same day the elves and the stubborn in the political damage, economic blockade, China spent the most difficult years of the war behind enemy lines. In January 1943 full-time deputy commander of the New Fourth Army Command, to assist Chen Yi Yanfu area against raids and mountain head battle. In November, Chen Yi went to Yanan, presided over the New Fourth Army military work. In the summer of 1944 the New Fourth Army fourth division main executive westward task, Henan border region base basically recovered. Then in the first division main task execution of South Jiangsu Zhejiang Anhui, opened up Anti Japanese base edge. On 1945 under the commanding Japanese troops implement strategic counterattack, occupy dozens of towns and rural areas, the central of the basic links, and to counter the KMT army to attack and create favorable conditions.

After the Japanese surrender, according to the CPC Central Committee "the development of the north, South strategy defense", leading the New Fourth Army Beiche work, and participate in the command of the two battle and battle of Huai Jinpu Road, north of the Kuomintang army hysteresis. In January 1946, the first deputy commander of the New Fourth Army and first deputy commander of Shandong military region. November Jiaodong, Shandong military forces to implement organization peace campaign, wiped out more than 1.5 people, in an attempt to crush the Kuomintang army occupied Jiaodong Jiefang District. February 1947 appointed deputy commander of the East China military command, military combat local armed forces with the main force, the Kuomintang army of Shandong crushed Jiefang District's key attack. August concurrently Secretary of CPC Committee of China East China rear, rear and reorganization, leading to austerity, concentrate all resources to support the front. Tianjin campaign and the battles, organize and mobilize millions of migrant workers with a small cart will be hundreds of millions of pounds of food and a large number of military supplies to the front, to ensure the smooth progress of the battle.

Since September 1949, the CPC Central Committee Southern China branch second secretary, Secretary of the CPC Guangxi Provincial Committee and chairman of the people's Government of Guangxi Province, member of the Central Military Commission of the Guangxi military region commander and political commissar of the CPC Central Committee and the Central Bureau of Central Committee, vice chairman of the executive committee. The leadership of the army and the people of Guangxi gufei, cleaning up the suppression of counter revolutionary forces, stable social order, restore the construction. After 1952, due to the infirm, have resigned from the leadership. Is the seventh to the tenth session of the Central Committee, the first to the third National People's Congress Standing Committee, member of the first to the third session of the national defense commission. 1955 was awarded a grade eighty-one medal, an independent Medal of freedom and liberation medal. November 19, 1974 died in Beijing.
Source: Chinese - Communist News Network (commissioning editor: Zhang Huiling)

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