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Tan Zheng
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 Tan Zheng
The people's Liberation Army General China (1955). Military. Formerly known as Tan Shiming, ANN for no.. 6 1906 14 was born in Hunan on Xiangxiang bamboo village. 5 started reading school and primary school, in Dongshan County primary school had was elected chairman of the student union, and actively participate in the patriotic student movement. When the primary school teachers after graduation. March 1927 went to Wuhan to join the Fourth Army National Revolutionary Army, when the documents and the clerk was Chen Geng battalion commander spy battalion and the second army headquarters guard. In September with the guards regiment in Hunan Autumn Harvest Uprising in October to join the Communist Party, Chinese. In February 1928 the CPC Front Committee Secretary Mao Zedong around at work. For 1929 years he served as party secretary, League secretary general, the Minister of military headquarters of the 4th Red training department, the Political Department of the headquarters of the 4th Red 12 Red Army, 22 Red Army, 1 Red Army 1 Division of the Political Department director. Has participated in the establishment of the Jinggangshan revolutionary base and open, Gannan Soviet Area of West and Central Soviet area the previous struggle against "encirclement and suppression". Doing the work and propaganda, summing up the wartime political work experience and play the advantages of political work. Every war must make war political mobilization, and pay attention to carry out political offensives against the enemy. Mao Zedong helped draft "Gutian conference resolution", and wrote "happy Wei North fighting political work report", "Xintian night fighting political work" and other articles, and every month to write a report on the work of political, have a positive impact on development and construction of the ideological and political work of the Red Army early. In October 1934 after the Long March, the Red 1 Division political commissar, 1 Red Army Political Department of the organization department minister, in the troops to carry out learning cultural activities. Arrived in Northern Shaanxi, according to the new situation and new task "on the new political work in the army political work of opinions", how to enrich the new content, how to adapt to the changes of the policy of the party, put forward many valuable suggestions and guidance. In 1936 6 month University China Red Army learning, after graduation, he served as director of the Political Department of the Organization Department of the Minister of the Political Department of the Red Army rear.

After the outbreak of Anti Japanese War, he served as deputy director of the Central Military Commission, the general political department and director of the Political Department of the Eight Route Army rear, to participate in the organization and leadership in the Eight Route Army and the New Fourth Army adhere to the enemy armed struggle and development according to the political work in the Anti Japanese War, wrote "on the revolutionary army political work", "the purpose of the work in the opponents and the policy", "the Eight Route Army and the new fourth army cadres policy", "on the Eight Route Army Political Work in the tradition and style of work" and other theoretical articles, effectively guide the forces in the struggle against the enemy in political work, to strengthen the leadership of the party, improve the combat effectiveness of troops, consolidate the Anti Japanese national united front and guarantee to carry out other plays an important role in the work. 1943 years was transferred to the ShanGanNing Jinsui defence army deputy political commissar and director of the political department, director of the Political Department of the Corps left behind after concurrently. In 1944, entrusted by the CPC Central Committee drafted "on the problems of army political work report", approved by Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai revised and the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee, propaganda in the conference of senior cadres of the Northwest Bureau. The report summed up the Red Army and the Eight Route Army and the New Fourth Army Political work experience, and combined with the change of situation and tasks during the period of Anti Japanese War, the political nature of the people's army, status, basic principle and basic principle, put forward the reform of the political work organization and work system, is an important historical document after the Gutian meeting of army political work. The Central Propaganda Department and the General Political Department issued a special "on the learning and dissemination of political" tan on the problems of army political work report of the "notice", requiring Party cadres as well as the Eight Route Army and the New Fourth Army even above the level of all political work, military work and logistical work cadres, should be a law as the rectification and fixed file teaching materials were discussed, and shall practice, reform thought and his work." In October of the same year, the General Political Department issued a "Research on Comrade Tan Zheng political report", pointed out: "Comrade Tan Zheng on the army political work report to the local summary and improve their work with great help." The troops according to the spirit of the report found, summarize the experience and lessons. 3 1983, the Central Military Commission and the General Political Department decided that the file again issued military learning.

After the victory of Anti Japanese war was transferred to the northeast, has served as director of the Northeast Democratic Coalition and Northeast Field Army Political Department, involved in the creation and development of the struggle of the Northeast base. In 1948 the organization to carry out the "complaint", "three" as the main content of the new movement in the army, improve the political consciousness and the battle effectiveness of the army commanders, and laid a solid foundation for the strategic battle with the Kuomintang army. Liaoshenzhanyi, in-depth frontline troops, vigorously carry out wartime political work, generally fighting alone and revolutionary heroism education, the morale of the troops is unprecedented, to ensure the smooth progress of the battle. Then, for the rapid completion of entry for battle, presided over an emergency political mobilization meeting, asked the troops regardless of fatigue, immediate action, and put forward the "hit close to the liberation of the whole of North China, the liberation of the whole China", "to Peiping, Tianjin New Year" and other slogans. Tianjin campaign began, advocate to carry forward the military democracy, called on the majority of officers and men fired the first shot off, "war, unity, striving for policy discipline" Miyoshi "combat companies, and in-depth city policy and discipline education, announced the" provisional constitution 8 ", put forward the" Military "double wins". Second, wholly intact "slogan. 1 1949 was the deputy director of the Tianjin military control committee, participate in the adaptation of the Kuomintang army forces work fu. In March, Fourth Army deputy political commissar and director of the political department, in command of the campaign to enter the fields, South africa.

The new Chinese after the establishment of the fourth field army and Central Military Command in third as political commissar of the CPC Central Committee and the Central Bureau of the first deputy secretary, political commissar of the Southern China military region, Southern China third branch secretary, in command of the liberation of Hainan Island, the coastal islands and counterinsurgency operations, leading the Vietnam war against France and support the war, the organization of land reform and the suppression of counter revolutionary movement. At the same time, according to the new situation and new problems appear in the army under the peaceful environment, consolidate and improve the grass-roots party organization. October 1954 was the first deputy director of the PLA General Political Department, assist Luo Ronghuan led the army political work. Chinese in September 1956 to participate in the Eighth National Congress of the Communist Party, was elected as the eighth session of the CPC Central Committee, Secretary of the central committee. In December, he served as director of the General Political Department, Deputy Minister of Defense Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party Standing Committee, presided over the military political work. Emphasis on political work to overcome dogmatism and formalism, to carry out the mass line in military training, put forward the "expert, a soldier with the slogan". Has been involved in revising "Chinese people's Liberation Army Political Work Regulations" (Draft), leading cadres make theoretical study outline, ten years of education planning, carry out studying Marxism and cultural and educational activities of the organization of pla. Lin Biao opposed the Mao Zedong thought simple and vulgar and put Mao Zedong to the "on" the inscription of the name "38 style" approach, so in September 1960 the enlarged meeting of the Central Military Commission on the wrong criticism by Lin Biaokou, "the direction of bias" hat, framed its opposition to Mao Zedong thought and formed a "anti party faction". January 1961 has been gradually withdrawn in the central leadership and the General Political Department, was transferred to the vice governor of Fujian province. The "Cultural Revolution" in the brutal persecution, was illegally detained for 9 years. 1975 years after the release of the Central Military Commission adviser, but because of suffering from constant chronic illness from losing the ability to work. In March 1979, the CPC Central Committee and the Central Military Commission will be officially rehabilitated. First, the second session of the National Defense Commission, the first and the Fifth National People's Congress Standing committee. 1955 was a eighty-one medal, an independent Medal of freedom and liberation medal. He died in Beijing in November 6, 1988.
Source: China - Communist News Network (commissioning editor: Zhang Huiling)

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